Visual Perception/Processing Challenges Academic Support Beyond Tutoring
Visual perception or processing issues are challenges with understanding, processing, and executing visual information. It is important to note that this is not a problem with vision; in fact, students with visual perception problems will pass a vision test easily but then may struggle to notice the difference between a triangle and a square! Visual perception issues are often very complex as they affect many different areas. Visual processing issues can interfere with learning but also impact day-to-day life such as sorting clothes or playing sports. It can result in problems with reading, math, and understanding charts, maps, and pictures.
Types of Visual Perception Challenges
Visual discrimination: difficulty seeing differences in similar letters, shapes, or objects; often characterized by confusing b/d or p/q
Visual figure-ground discrimination: difficulty observing or ‘pulling out’ shapes against a background; this can make reading comprehension extremely challenging
Visual sequencing: difficulty with recognizing the order of things on a page; students might skip words or lines or even switch/reverse the order
Visual-motor: often recognized as hand-eye coordination problems; writing within the lines is hard, and copying from a book/board may be a challenge; these students may also appear clumsy
Visual memory: difficulty remembering what has been seen; this may result in challenges with reading and spelling as well as using calculators and keyboards
Visual-spatial: difficulty telling where objects are in space, for example, how far objects are apart from each other; this includes objects and characters described on paper or in a spoken narrative; reading maps and judging time can be a challenge
Visual closure: difficulty identifying something if it is only partially visible, or filling in the missing pieces; this can be challenging when drawing and in spelling
Letter/symbol reversal: switching letters or numbers when writing
Common Issues Associated with Visual Perception Challenges
Academic challenges: Students have difficulty with reading, writing, and math. They also have difficulty copying from the board and organizing the layout of their work. They may lose their place when reading and tracking where others are if others are reading aloud to them. Students may confuse common signs, for example mixing up + and -.
Emotional challenges: Students with visual perception problems are likely to fall behind at school leading to frustration and poor relationships with peers.
Misdiagnosis: Students with visual perception problems often appear as if they have dyslexia or attention difficulties. This can lead to inappropriate help and support often leading to more confusion for the student.
Life skills: Visual processing issues can make simple tasks hard, from matching socks to learning phone numbers. Children may seem uncoordinated and will often run into things.
How We Support Students with Visual Perception Challenges
Colouring, highlighting, and adapting worksheets to simplify the volume of visual information
Using repetitive Direct Instruction delivered in different modalities
Training on assistive technology, typing skills or alternative writing mediums to support writing challenges
Providing multisensory feedback when completing tasks
Supporting the development of accommodations such as large print, simplifying websites and object reading guides
Integrating fine and gross motor development activities into class time
Get Started with Visual Perception Challenge Support Today
Further Reading and Resources
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