Support for Memory Challenges Beyond Tutoring
Students with memory challenges struggle recalling information, facts, connecting previous learning to new learning, following directions, and understanding what they’ve read.
Ruth Rumack’s Learning Space (RRLS) helps students with this learning difference through individualized plans of action, Direct Instruction, and fun, engaging, and multisensory elements.
Types of Memory Challenges
Short-Term Memory Challenges: Characteristics include trouble remembering information exposed to within the last twenty-four hours, remembering directions, what others have just said, what they have just read, linking new information to previously learned information, visualizing when reading, following conversations and having gaps in learning.
Auditory Short-Term Memory Challenges: Characteristics include trouble with information gained through listening
Visual Short-Term Memory Challenges: Characteristics include trouble remembering information gained through viewing.
Kinesthetic Short-Term Memory Challenges: Characteristics include trouble remembering information gained through movement or movement sequences
Long-Term Memory Challenges: Characteristics include relying heavily on rote memorization, trouble recalling previously learned information and connecting to newly learned information, taking a long time to recall previously learned facts or procedures.
Working Memory Challenges: Characteristics include trouble following directions, completing tasks that require many steps, reading comprehension, written expression, problem solving, and comparing and contrasting.
Common Issues Associated with Memory Challenges
Difficulties following directions: Students may have difficulties following oral and/or written directions, particularly if they are multi-step.
Reading Comprehension: Students may struggle with remembering what they have read, what the question is, previously learned comprehension strategies and how to best say or write an answer.
Written Expression: Students may have difficulties planning and organizing their writing as well as remembering grammar and punctuation rules.
Math Skills: Students may struggle remembering math facts, how to perform mathematical operations, or solve word problems.
How We Help Students with Memory Challenges:
One-to-one Direct Instruction in reading comprehension strategies including ways to retain information read, preview questions, use assistive technology tools, and answer specific comprehension questions.
Explicit teaching methods that teaches math skills tailored to individual needs using fun strategies, math tricks, mnemonics to help remember math steps and problem solving strategies.
Teaching strategies for following written, oral and multi-step instructions successfully in fun, multisensory ways.
Teaching consistent numerical strategies to help organize writing and moving through the writing process through programs such as Power Sentences, Power Paragraphs, and Power Essay programs.
Using personalized reference sheets of what students have learned to transfer skills to all environments (i.e. classroom, home).