Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) Support Beyond Tutoring
Students with APD experience difficulties distinguishing between sounds in words, understanding the order of sounds in words, knowing where a sound is coming from, and being able to block out background noise to focus on a single speaker.
Ruth Rumack’s Learning Space (RRLS) helps students manage this learning difference through explicit teaching techniques, incorporating fun, engaging and multisensory methods in lessons, and providing organizational techniques for understanding language-based information.
Types of Auditory Processing Disorder
Auditory Discrimination: Characteristics include inability with discriminating between separate and distinct sounds and words.
Auditory Figure-Ground Discrimination: Characteristics include inability to block out background noise and focus on one speaker.
Auditory Memory: Characteristics include challenges with remembering something heard, or remembering what was said.
Auditory Sequencing: Characteristics include difficulty remembering the order or sounds and words.
Common Issues Associated with Auditory Processing Disorders
Language-based information: Students may struggle remembering directions, oral lessons, lectures or discussions with peers or adults and listening to stories read aloud, particularly if there are comprehension questions afterwards.
Spelling: Students may have difficulties determining sounds in words and the order in which they go.
Phonics/Reading Decoding: Students may not know letter sounds and generate incorrect sounds for letters, resulting in difficulties with reading decoding.
Phonological Awareness: Students may have difficulties identifying and generating rhymes, alliteration, determining initial, medial, and final sounds in words, syllabication, and phoneme manipulation.
How We Help Students with Auditory Processing Disorders:
One-to-one phonics and decoding Direct Instruction using research-based programs (Wilson Reading Program and Reading Mastery), taught by Orton-Gillingham trained teachers.
Explicit teaching techniques to teach spelling using hands on and multisensory elements in lessons.
Teaching lessons on all aspects of Phonological Awareness in a fun, engaging, and interactive manner.
Providing support to students for understanding and organizing language-based information, including charts, graphic organizers, visuals, note-taking supports, and assistive technology.